[ Evariste | Forum ]
  
Madame monsieur
dans le cadre des activités relatives à la société de l'information nous vous
informons que :

La Chaire Innovation & Régulation des Services Numériques organise une
conférence internationale:
le mardi 5 juin prochain 
sur les « Brevets et protection de la propriété intellectuelle: moteur ou
frein
de l'innovation dans un univers numérique. Lecons des analyses ». 

La complexité des technologies numériques ouvre en effet de nouvelles
perspectives en matière de droits de propriété intellectuelle et de brevets et
appelle la mise en oeuvre de politiques plus rigoureuses.

Cette conférence aura lieu à Telecom-ParisTech, 46 rue Barrault, 75013 Paris.

Les présentations auront lieu en en anglais.

Durée 10 h - 17 heures

L’inscription est libre, mais obligatoire, auprès de :
Patricia.Brifaut@polytechnique.edu


"Innovation and Regulation in Digital Services” 

The emergence of digital economy strengthened and enhanced the role and
strategic use of intellectual property rights and patents by firms and
economic
actors. At first sight, the basic doctrines of strategies vis-à-vis IPR and
patent remain very similar in this day and age on the Internet. Yet the
complexity of technology today encompasses new perspectives and more rigorous
policies because of the transformations that took place. They deserve a
renewal
of attention and reconsidering regulation.
Therefore, the role of intellectual property has never been greater than today
and the opportunities to use it for strategic and business are numerous.
Firstly, we can observe an increasing proliferation of patents in the
sector of
ICT. Then, the IPR strategies turned out to be comprehensive and more
offensive, giving the patent a more important role than in the past,
whether it
is proprietary strategies or standardization policies. The patent is no longer
just a means of protection; it is also an instrument of aggressive attack to
seek additional income and to weaken competitors. Consequently, the
creation of
new digital markets and the existence of new technological opportunities lead
to wars of patents as evidenced, for example, the recent conflicts between
Apple and Samsung. Besides, the ability of creating an appropriate balance
between the access to specific technologies (protected by patents) and the use
of various kind of proprietary data (such as users’ profile) opens up new
competitive positioning.
This renewal of the context of intellectual property called important
issues in
terms of regulation. First, the basic principles of such regulation (fostering
innovation) are challenged to the extent that intellectual property is not
necessarily a driver of innovation in a context of growing complexity of
technology… but is sometimes just as powerful a brake. Then, in terms of
negotiating licenses or pressure on competitors, the role of patent portfolios
gives a special importance to the measurement of these portfolios and patent
statistics
Finding various and novel ways to assess innovation are key to understand the
changes brought by digitalisation and the accompanying challenges. Examples of
measures which proxy invention or new knowledge created include the Community
Innovation Survey (CIS), and Patent and Trademark statistics. The CIS provides
representative data on innovation activities across the EU for product and
process innovations for goods and services at the NACE 2-digit level.
Patent statistics are particularly informative about inventions specific to
ICT. For instance, the OECD finds countries with strong specialisation in ICT
turning to patents as a prime method of securing rights on new knowledge.
Various studies have already addressed the numerous advantages of exploiting
patent data as a measure of inventive output. Patent data provide increasingly
detailed and wide information on the expected results of research and
development efforts and of inventive activity in general.

Moreover, the type of information they provide is seen as ‘objective’, and it
offers quantitative results that can be effectively combined with other
indicators for cross validation. Patent data are built up from administrative
data compiled by Patent Offices for their internal purposes of managing the
patenting process: they can thus provide wide coverage at relatively low cost
and also over a long time series.
However, the use of patent data as a proxy of inventive output has several
shortcomings as well. On the one hand, not all inventions (and related
innovations) are patented, and on the other, not all patented inventions turn
into innovations. In fact, some innovations cannot be screened by means of
patent data (production process innovation, for example), and firms often opt
for different strategies to protect and exploit their inventions (keeping them
secret is the most obvious way).
Furthermore, the value of patents can be very different, as strategic or
defensive patenting is a widely applied strategy to slow down competition in a
specific market or to accumulate a patent portfolio to be used as bargaining
power. Differences in patenting fees and rules also affect the propensity to
patent innovations in different countries. For these reasons, different
patent-based indicators are used in order to exploit the available data on
patents in the most effective way.
Measures of invention, such as patent statistics, provide quantitative
information about the output of R&D processes. However, it is an assessment of
their socio-economic impact, together with issues of complementarity and
substitutability between public and private R&D investments, which is of
central interest for policy makers.
This seminar will bring together experts from the field to better assess the
potential output of patent analysis, its limits and to explore new modes of
analysis

10.00  10.15 Introduction: 
- Pierre Jean Benghozi 

10.15- 11.00 
1. The value of patents in a digital world? 
- In an industry with highly sequential innovation such as the software
industry do patenting prevent rather than foster innovation? 
- Do software patents tend to reduce competition, raise prices, slow down
innovation, and encourage cartel behaviour( for example, patent pools)? 
- Or providing an important and legitimate incentive for R&D? 
-What is the right balance between the protection of IPR and competition to
foster innovation? 
- Are patents harmful to innovation? Simon Forge, SCF Associates Ltd,
London ) 
- Patents and possible failures in the digital world  Lessons from the patent
wars. Jim Bessen, Boston University School (US) 

11.00-11.30 coffee break 

11.30- 12.00 

2. Asia: the raising star on the innovation skyline 
- The most striking fact is the impressive entrance China made in ICT
patenting
activity: China's inventive output increased massively starting in 2000 and
overtaking both the EU and US output by the mid-2000s. 
- Data shows that the ICT patent applications filed by China- and Korea-based
inventors in 2007 summed up to 91% of the total Asian ICT application output. 
- Invited speaker . Yang Yang, Shanghai Research Center for Wireless
Communications (WiCO), Chinese Academy of Sciences, yang.yang@shrcwc.org 

12.00- 13.00 

3. Patenting strategies 
-How patents are taking place in the global R&D networks international
division
of innovation processes? 
- What are the main strategies to manage the patents portfolio? 
- How to they vary according to the core business, the size and age of the
company? 
- Network analysis on IT patenting strategies - Daniel Nepelski, JRC-IPTS 
- Company level strategies Claudia Tapia Garcia 
- (tbc) Company level strategies  Alcatel-Lucent 
- (tbc) Company level strategies  Qualcom

13.00  13.45 Lunch

13.45 -15.15

4. From patent statistics to information tools
- What can patent analysis bring to better understand innovation processes?
- How and what to measure with patent data: overall and ICT overview -
Giuditta
De Prato, JRC-IPTS
- (tbc) Mike Lloyd, Ambercite (AU)

15.15- 16.00
5. Measuring inventive output only? Patent at company level
- What are the main advantages of using patent as a proxy of inventive output?
- What are the main limits? Are we missing major forms of innovation?
- Bart Van Loy, KU Leuven  ECOOM
- (tbc) Methodology of linking PATSTAT to Bureau van Dijk's Fame data &
Visualisation  Benjamin Mitra-Kahn, , UK IP Office  Patent informatics

16.00-16.45

6. Location of inventive activity
- (tbc) REGPAT & OECD-IPR statistics on Digital Technologies- Hélène Dernis,
OECD Paris
- (Andrea Maurino, Univeristy of Milano Bicocca (IT)
16.45  17.00 Conclusion/ Wrap up
Pierre Jean Benghozi, Giuditta De Prato
17. 00 End of conference


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